多集群多prometheus实例下的管理

285次阅读
2条评论
多集群多prometheus实例下的管理

前言

对于多个技术部门,多个项目系统的背景,不仅要满足权限管理的隔离,又要资源隔离,但同时还得追求资源共用,毕竟都是要钱的玩意。。。这种场景是不是有点矛盾?目前博主手上掌控着不到20个k8s集群,总资源达9600c/19T,由于国有化原因一直没有上prometheus上(很多其他云原生的东西都没有上),我也不知道他们是怎么过来的╮(╯▽╰)╭。最近听老大说终于终于终于审批过了测试环境安装prometheus的申请,整起(☆▽☆)

方案需求:

  • 管理上需要满足各个项目组的隔离,各项目组只能看自己负责的系统应用(我们这边是用ns隔离)
  • grafana需要开发项目权限编辑,减轻运维负担
  • 尽可能节省资源

思考了下可以先这样改造

  • 第一点:一个prometheus实例对应一个tsdb,不能怼多个,看来需要多个prometheus实例,每个集群一个总控prometheus监控当前集群组件+各ns一个prometheus实例监控项目组
  • 第二点:我既然给项目组权限编辑,就得给他们edit角色,这个角色可以随意查看已接入得数据源数据,对于grafana博主开始以为这玩意能有数据源权限隔离,没想到是商业版上的功能。看来也得建多个实例啊
  • 第三点:根据前两点,好像这一点没得节省。。。顶多prometheus-operator公用,其他声明多个资源呗

初步假想以小组的管理拓扑,此处无alertmanager,因为网络出不了外网的

多集群多prometheus实例下的管理

后续上升到部门视图则由一个grafana提供,这个资源成本由运维管理部门组提供,对于这个grafana,除了运维部门组有edit权限,其他业务部门都是view权限。该grafana会为每个部门提供部门级资源视图,给部门领导看的~,所以不会有太细的指标。。。

prometheus多实例部署

创建专门抓取kube-system空间的prometheus

# 删除prometheus-operator安装时起来得prometheus
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl delete -f prometheus-prometheus.yaml

# 修改prometheus-prometheus.yaml,调整其只监控kube-system空间下得资源
[root@k8s-master manifests]# cat >prometheus-prometheus.yaml<<-'EOF'
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: Prometheus
metadata:
  labels:
    prometheus: k8s-system
  name: k8s-system
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  alerting:
    alertmanagers:
    - name: alertmanager-main
      namespace: monitoring
      port: web
  image: quay.mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/prometheus/prometheus:v2.15.2
  nodeSelector:
    kubernetes.io/os: linux
  podMonitorNamespaceSelector:
    matchLabels:
      monitoring-role: system
  podMonitorSelector: {}
  replicas: 1
  resources:
    requests:
      memory: 400Mi
  ruleSelector:
    matchLabels:
      prometheus: k8s
      role: alert-rules
  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 2000
    runAsNonRoot: true
    runAsUser: 1000
  serviceAccountName: prometheus-k8s
  serviceMonitorNamespaceSelector:
    matchLabels:
      monitoring-role: system
  serviceMonitorSelector: {}
  version: v2.15.2
  storage:                      # 添加pvc模板,存储类指向nfs
    volumeClaimTemplate:
      apiVersion: v1
      kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
      spec:
        accessModes:
        - ReadWriteOnce
        resources:
          requests:
            storage: 20Gi
        storageClassName: nfs-storage
EOF

创建专门抓取groupX空间的prometheus

[root@k8s-master manifests]# cat >prometheus-prometheus-group1.yaml<<-'EOF'
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: Prometheus
metadata:
  labels:
    prometheus: k8s-group1
  name: k8s-group1
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  alerting:
    alertmanagers:
    - name: alertmanager-main
      namespace: monitoring
      port: web
  image: quay.mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/prometheus/prometheus:v2.15.2
  nodeSelector:
    kubernetes.io/os: linux
  podMonitorNamespaceSelector:
    matchLabels:
      monitoring-role: group1
  podMonitorSelector: {}
  replicas: 1
  resources:
    requests:
      memory: 400Mi
  ruleSelector:
    matchLabels:
      prometheus: k8s
      role: alert-rules
  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 2000
    runAsNonRoot: true
    runAsUser: 1000
  serviceAccountName: prometheus-k8s
  serviceMonitorNamespaceSelector:
    matchLabels:
      monitoring-role: group1
  serviceMonitorSelector: {}
  version: v2.15.2
  storage:                      # 添加pvc模板,存储类指向nfs
    volumeClaimTemplate:
      apiVersion: v1
      kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
      spec:
        accessModes:
        - ReadWriteOnce
        resources:
          requests:
            storage: 20Gi
        storageClassName: nfs-storage
EOF

# 其他空间组的prometheus实例类似
[root@k8s-master manifests]# cp prometheus-prometheus-group1.yaml prometheus-prometheus-group2.yaml
[root@k8s-master manifests]# cp prometheus-prometheus-group1.yaml prometheus-prometheus-group3.yaml
[root@k8s-master manifests]# sed -i 's/group1/group2/g' prometheus-prometheus-group2.yaml
[root@k8s-master manifests]# sed -i 's/group1/group3/g' prometheus-prometheus-group3.yaml

[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl apply -f prometheus-prometheus-group1.yaml
prometheus.monitoring.coreos.com/k8s-group1 created
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl apply -f prometheus-prometheus-group2.yaml
prometheus.monitoring.coreos.com/k8s-group2 created
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl apply -f prometheus-prometheus-group3.yaml
prometheus.monitoring.coreos.com/k8s-group3 created

创建prometheus的svc服务

[root@k8s-master manifests]# cat >prometheus-service.yaml<<-'EOF'
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    prometheus: k8s
  name: prometheus-k8s-system
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  type: NodePort
  ports:
  - name: web
    port: 9090
    targetPort: web
  selector:
    app: prometheus
    prometheus: k8s-system
  sessionAffinity: ClientIP
EOF

[root@k8s-master manifests]# sed 's/system/group1/g' prometheus-service.yaml > prometheus-service-group1.yaml
[root@k8s-master manifests]# sed 's/system/group2/g' prometheus-service.yaml > prometheus-service-group2.yaml
[root@k8s-master manifests]# sed 's/system/group3/g' prometheus-service.yaml > prometheus-service-group3.yaml

此时集群内拥有几个prometheus实例

[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl get prometheus -n monitoring --show-labels
NAME         VERSION   REPLICAS   AGE   LABELS
k8s-group1   v2.15.2   1          63s   prometheus=k8s-group1
k8s-group2   v2.15.2   1          55s   prometheus=k8s-group2
k8s-group3   v2.15.2   1          46s   prometheus=k8s-group3
k8s-system   v2.15.2   1          88m   prometheus=k8s-system

创建测试空间

# 创建测试空间
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl create ns group1
namespace/group1 created
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl create ns group2
namespace/group2 created
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl create ns group3
namespace/group3 created

# 为空间打标签
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl label ns group1 monitoring-role=group1
namespace/group1 labeled
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl label ns group2 monitoring-role=group2
namespace/group2 labeled
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl label ns group3 monitoring-role=group3
namespace/group2 labeled
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl label ns kube-system monitoring-role=system
namespace/kube-system labeled

# 查看当前空间标签情况
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl get ns --show-labels
NAME              STATUS   AGE     LABELS
default           Active   3h43m   <none>
group1            Active   2m46s   monitoring-role=group1
group2            Active   2m44s   monitoring-role=group2
group3            Active   2m42s   monitoring-role=group3
kube-node-lease   Active   3h43m   <none>
kube-public       Active   3h43m   <none>
kube-system       Active   3h43m   monitoring-role=system
monitoring        Active   3h41m   <none>

为各空间创建app样例应用

[root@k8s-master example-app]# cat >group1-example-app.yaml<<-'EOF'
kind: Service
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: example-app
  labels:
    tier: frontend
    group: group1
  namespace: group1
spec:
  selector:
    app: example-app
  ports:
  - name: web
    protocol: TCP
    port: 8080
    targetPort: web
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: example-app
  namespace: group1
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: example-app
      version: 1.1.3
      group: group1
  replicas: 4
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: example-app
        version: 1.1.3
        group: group1
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: example-app
        image: quay.io/fabxc/prometheus_demo_service
        ports:
        - name: web
          containerPort: 8080
          protocol: TCP
EOF

[root@k8s-master example-app]# sed 's/group1/group2/g' group1-example-app.yaml > group2-example-app.yaml
[root@k8s-master example-app]# sed 's/group1/group3/g' group1-example-app.yaml > group3-example-app.yaml
[root@k8s-master example-app]# kubectl apply -f group1-example-app.yaml
service/example-app created
deployment.apps/example-app created
[root@k8s-master example-app]# kubectl apply -f group2-example-app.yaml
service/example-app created
deployment.apps/example-app created
[root@k8s-master example-app]# kubectl apply -f group3-example-app.yaml
service/example-app created
deployment.apps/example-app created

在各空间下创建servicemonitor

[root@k8s-master example-app]# cat >servicemonitor-frontend-group1.yaml<<-'EOF'
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  name: monitor-frontend
  namespace: group1
  labels:
    tier: frontend
    group: group1
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      tier: frontend
      group: group1
  targetLabels:
    - tier
    - group
  endpoints:
  - port: web
    interval: 10s
  namespaceSelector:
    matchNames:
      - group1
EOF

[root@k8s-master example-app]# sed 's/group1/group2/g' servicemonitor-frontend-group1.yaml > servicemonitor-frontend-group2.yaml
[root@k8s-master example-app]# sed 's/group1/group3/g' servicemonitor-frontend-group1.yaml > servicemonitor-frontend-group3.yaml

# 查看当前所有servicemonitor,自行将monitoring空间下的servicemonitor迁移到kube-system。。。
[root@k8s-master example-app]# kubectl get servicemonitor -A
NAMESPACE     NAME                      AGE
group1        monitor-frontend          9m
group2        monitor-frontend          8s
group3        monitor-frontend          3s
kube-system   kube-apiserver            4h12m
monitoring    alertmanager              4h12m
monitoring    coredns                   4h12m
monitoring    grafana                   4h12m
monitoring    kube-controller-manager   4h12m
monitoring    kube-scheduler            4h12m
monitoring    kube-state-metrics        4h12m
monitoring    kubelet                   4h12m
monitoring    node-exporter             4h12m
monitoring    prometheus                4h12m
monitoring    prometheus-operator       4h12m

查看每个prometheus此时的target

至此,我们实现了每个prometheus监控特定的空间资源,接下就是grafan的多个实例部署

grafana接入多个数据源

此处只建一个grafana接入多个数据源,自行参考grafana-deployment.yaml修改创建多个grafana实例,然后为多个grafana接入不同数据源来分配给各个部门

使用configmap配置grafana

grafan的dashboardDatasources

[root@k8s-master manifests]# cat  grafana-dashboardDatasources.yaml
apiVersion: v1
data:
  datasources.yaml: ewogICAgImFwaVZlcnNpb24iOiAxLAogICAgImRhdGFzb3VyY2VzIjogWwogICAgICAgIHsKICAgICAgICAgICAgImFjY2VzcyI6ICJwcm94eSIsCiAgICAgICAgICAgICJlZGl0YWJsZSI6IGZhbHNlLAogICAgICAgICAgICAibmFtZSI6ICJwcm9tZXRoZXVzIiwKICAgICAgICAgICAgIm9yZ0lkIjogMSwKICAgICAgICAgICAgInR5cGUiOiAicHJvbWV0aGV1cyIsCiAgICAgICAgICAgICJ1cmwiOiAiaHR0cDovL3Byb21ldGhldXMtazhzLm1vbml0b3Jpbmcuc3ZjOjkwOTAiLAogICAgICAgICAgICAidmVyc2lvbiI6IDEKICAgICAgICB9CiAgICBdCn0=
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: grafana-datasources
  namespace: monitoring
type: Opaque

[root@k8s-master manifests]# echo 'ewogICAgImFwaVZlcnNpb24iOiAxLAogICAgImRhdGFzb3VyY2VzIjogWwogICAgICAgIHsKICAgICAgICAgICAgImFjY2VzcyI6ICJwcm94eSIsCiAgICAgICAgICAgICJlZGl0YWJsZSI6IGZhbHNlLAogICAgICAgICAgICAibmFtZSI6ICJwcm9tZXRoZXVzIiwKICAgICAgICAgICAgIm9yZ0lkIjogMSwKICAgICAgICAgICAgInR5cGUiOiAicHJvbWV0aGV1cyIsCiAgICAgICAgICAgICJ1cmwiOiAiaHR0cDovL3Byb21ldGhldXMtazhzLm1vbml0b3Jpbmcuc3ZjOjkwOTAiLAogICAgICAgICAgICAidmVyc2lvbiI6IDEKICAgICAgICB9CiAgICBdCn0=' | base64 -d
{
    "apiVersion": 1,
    "datasources": [
        {
            "access": "proxy",
            "editable": false,
            "name": "prometheus",
            "orgId": 1,
            "type": "prometheus",
            "url": "http://prometheus-k8s.monitoring.svc:9090",
            "version": 1
        }
    ]
} 

# 上面是源文件内容,根据内容添加相应的数据源
[root@k8s-master manifests]# cat >datasource.json<<-'EOF'
{
    "apiVersion": 1,
    "datasources": [
        {
            "access": "proxy",
            "editable": false,
            "name": "cluster-devops-group1",
            "orgId": 1,
            "type": "prometheus",
            "url": "http://prometheus-k8s-group1.monitoring.svc:9090",
            "version": 1
        },
        {
            "access": "proxy",
            "editable": false,
            "name": "cluster-devops-group2",
            "orgId": 1,
            "type": "prometheus",
            "url": "http://prometheus-k8s-group2.monitoring.svc:9090",
            "version": 1
        },
        {
            "access": "proxy",
            "editable": false,
            "name": "cluster-devops-group3",
            "orgId": 1,
            "type": "prometheus",
            "url": "http://prometheus-k8s-group3.monitoring.svc:9090",
            "version": 1
        },
        {
            "access": "proxy",
            "editable": false,
            "name": "cluster-devops-system",
            "orgId": 1,
            "type": "prometheus",
            "url": "http://prometheus-k8s-system.monitoring.svc:9090",
            "version": 1
        }
    ]
}
EOF

[root@k8s-master manifests]# cat datasource.json |base64 | tr -d '\n'
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

# 将上面base64编码后的内容重新写入grafana-dashboardDatasources.yaml并重建grafana应用
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl replace -f grafana-dashboardDatasources.yaml
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl delete pods -n monitoring grafana-7fbbc6cb58-zssh5

上面配置的是本集群的数据源,外部数据则提供nodeport或ingress方式接入,此处使用nodeport方式

# prod集群中的prometheus-system
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl get svc -n monitoring | grep k8s
prometheus-k8s-system   NodePort    10.96.98.221   <none>        9090:32551/TCP,10901:32712/TCP   6s

# 回到中控集群为prod集群创建svc/ep
[root@k8s-master thanos]# cat >cluster-prod-system.yaml<<-'EOF'
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Endpoints
metadata:
  name: cluster-prod-system
  namespace: monitoring
subsets:
- addresses:
  - ip: 192.168.44.169
  ports:
  - name: http
    port: 32551
    protocol: TCP
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  labels:
    app.kubernetes.io/instance: cluster-prod-system
  name: cluster-prod-system
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  ports:
  - name: http
    port: 9090
    protocol: TCP
    targetPort: http
  type: ClusterIP
EOF

[root@k8s-master thanos]# kubectl apply -f cluster-prod-system.yaml
endpoints/cluster-prod-system created
service/cluster-prod-system created
[root@k8s-master thanos]# kubectl get -f cluster-prod-system.yaml
NAME                            ENDPOINTS              AGE
endpoints/cluster-prod-system   192.168.44.169:32551   4s

NAME                          TYPE        CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)    AGE
service/cluster-prod-system   ClusterIP   10.96.224.101   <none>        9090/TCP   4s

# 重新修改grafana-dashboardDatasources.yaml添加数据源:cluster-prod-system.monitoring.svc:9090即可,此处略

至此我们的grafana已经可以接入多个项目组数据源,只需要一个部门一个grafana即可,让部门内在grafan使用team来划分group,实现部门自治

多集群多prometheus实例下的管理

grafan的dashboard面板json

当有了集群划分后,则对于system空间得面板就有得调整了,我们需将面板的datasource变量过滤下(不然会有很多无关数据源),以apiserver面板为例

多集群多prometheus实例下的管理

上面修改完成后无法是无法保存的,需要将修改后的json文件拿下来重新创建dashboard.yaml即可,dashboard资源定义在grafana-dashboardDefinitions.yaml,自行参考并未该json创建对应的confimap文件

[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl get cm -n monitoring | grep das
grafana-dashboard-apiserver                           1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-cluster-total                       1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-controller-manager                  1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-k8s-resources-cluster               1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-k8s-resources-namespace             1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-k8s-resources-node                  1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-k8s-resources-pod                   1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-k8s-resources-workload              1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-k8s-resources-workloads-namespace   1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-kubelet                             1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-namespace-by-pod                    1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-namespace-by-workload               1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-node-cluster-rsrc-use               1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-node-rsrc-use                       1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-nodes                               1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-persistentvolumesusage              1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-pod-total                           1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-prometheus                          1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-prometheus-remote-write             1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-proxy                               1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-scheduler                           1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-statefulset                         1      4d3h
grafana-dashboard-workload-total                      1      4d3h
grafana-dashboards                                    1      4d3h

# 自行准备apiserver.json
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl -n monitoring delete cm grafana-dashboard-apiserver
[root@k8s-master manifests]# kubectl -n monitoring create cm grafana-dashboard-apiserver --from-file=apiserver.json

# dashobard挂载文件在grafana-deployment.yaml,自行参考新增
多集群多prometheus实例下的管理

使用thanos模式优化管理员视角

部署thanos sidecar

[root@k8s-master manifests]# cat prometheus-prometheus.yaml
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: Prometheus
metadata:
  labels:
    prometheus: k8s-system
  name: k8s-system
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  alerting:
    alertmanagers:
    - name: alertmanager-main
      namespace: monitoring
      port: web
  image: quay.mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/prometheus/prometheus:v2.15.2
  nodeSelector:
    kubernetes.io/os: linux
  podMonitorNamespaceSelector:
    matchLabels:
      monitoring-role: system
  podMonitorSelector: {}
  replicas: 1
  resources:
    requests:
      memory: 400Mi
  ruleSelector:
    matchLabels:
      prometheus: k8s
      role: alert-rules
  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 2000
    runAsNonRoot: true
    runAsUser: 1000
  serviceAccountName: prometheus-k8s
  serviceMonitorNamespaceSelector:
    matchLabels:
      monitoring-role: system
  serviceMonitorSelector: {}
  version: v2.15.2
  externalLabels:
    env: devops           # 部署到不同环境需要修改此处label
    cluster: devops-idc-cluster   # 部署到不同环境需要修改此处label
  storage:                      # 添加pvc模板,存储类指向nfs
    volumeClaimTemplate:
      apiVersion: v1
      kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
      spec:
        accessModes:
        - ReadWriteOnce
        resources:
          requests:
            storage: 5Gi
        storageClassName: nfs-storage
  thanos:          # 添加thano-sidecar容器
    baseImage: thanosio/thanos
    version: main-2022-09-22-ff9ee9ac

部署query组件

[root@k8s-master thanos]# cat thanos-query.yaml
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: thanos-query
  namespace: monitoring
  labels:
    app: thanos-query
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: thanos-query
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: thanos-query
    spec:
      containers:
        - name: thanos
          image: thanosio/thanos:main-2022-09-22-ff9ee9ac
          args:
            - query
            - --log.level=debug
            - --query.replica-label=prometheus_replica # prometheus-operator 里面配置的副本标签为 prometheus_replica
            # Discover local store APIs using DNS SRV.
            - --store=192.168.44.151:30901
          ports:
            - name: http
              containerPort: 10902
            - name: grpc
              containerPort: 10901
          livenessProbe:
            httpGet:
              path: /-/healthy
              port: http
            initialDelaySeconds: 10
          readinessProbe:
            httpGet:
              path: /-/healthy
              port: http
            initialDelaySeconds: 15
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: thanos-query
  namespace: monitoring
  labels:
    app: thanos-query
spec:
  ports:
    - port: 9090
      targetPort: http
      name: http
      nodePort: 30909
  selector:
    app: thanos-query
  type: NodePort

打开thanos-query界面

多集群多prometheus实例下的管理
多集群多prometheus实例下的管理

grafana接入keycloak进行统一认证管理

bash-5.0$ egrep -v '^$|^#' /etc/grafana/grafana.ini
;app_mode = production
;instance_name = ${HOSTNAME}
[paths]
;data = /var/lib/grafana
;temp_data_lifetime = 24h
;logs = /var/log/grafana
;plugins = /var/lib/grafana/plugins
;provisioning = conf/provisioning
[server]
;protocol = http
;http_addr =
;http_port = 3000
;domain = localhost
;enforce_domain = false
;root_url = %(protocol)s://%(domain)s:%(http_port)s/
;serve_from_sub_path = false
;router_logging = false
;static_root_path = public
;enable_gzip = false
;cert_file =
;cert_key =
;socket =
[database]
;type = sqlite3
;host = 127.0.0.1:3306
;name = grafana
;user = root
;password =
;url =
;ssl_mode = disable
;ca_cert_path =
;client_key_path =
;client_cert_path =
;server_cert_name =
;path = grafana.db
;max_idle_conn = 2
;max_open_conn =
;conn_max_lifetime = 14400
;log_queries =
;cache_mode = private
[remote_cache]
;type = database
;connstr =
[dataproxy]
;logging = false
;timeout = 30
;send_user_header = false
[analytics]
;reporting_enabled = true
;check_for_updates = true
;google_analytics_ua_id =
;google_tag_manager_id =
[security]
;disable_initial_admin_creation = false
;admin_user = admin
;admin_password = admin
;secret_key = SW2YcwTIb9zpOOhoPsMm
;disable_gravatar = false
;data_source_proxy_whitelist =
;disable_brute_force_login_protection = false
;cookie_secure = false
;cookie_samesite = lax
;allow_embedding = false
;strict_transport_security = false
;strict_transport_security_max_age_seconds = 86400
;strict_transport_security_preload = false
;strict_transport_security_subdomains = false
;x_content_type_options = false
;x_xss_protection = false
[snapshots]
;external_enabled = true
;external_snapshot_url = https://snapshots-origin.raintank.io
;external_snapshot_name = Publish to snapshot.raintank.io
;public_mode = false
;snapshot_remove_expired = true
[dashboards]
;versions_to_keep = 20
[users]
;allow_sign_up = true
;allow_org_create = true
;auto_assign_org = true
;auto_assign_org_id = 1
;auto_assign_org_role = Viewer
;verify_email_enabled = false
;login_hint = email or username
;password_hint = password
;default_theme = dark
;external_manage_link_url =
;external_manage_link_name =
;external_manage_info =
;viewers_can_edit = false
;editors_can_admin = false
[auth]
;login_cookie_name = grafana_session
;login_maximum_inactive_lifetime_days = 7
;login_maximum_lifetime_days = 30
;token_rotation_interval_minutes = 10
;disable_login_form = false
;disable_signout_menu = false
;signout_redirect_url =
;oauth_auto_login = false
;api_key_max_seconds_to_live = -1
[auth.anonymous]
;enabled = false
;org_name = Main Org.
;org_role = Viewer
[auth.github]
;enabled = false
;allow_sign_up = true
;client_id = some_id
;client_secret = some_secret
;scopes = user:email,read:org
;auth_url = https://github.com/login/oauth/authorize
;token_url = https://github.com/login/oauth/access_token
;api_url = https://api.github.com/user
;allowed_domains =
;team_ids =
;allowed_organizations =
[auth.gitlab]
;enabled = false
;allow_sign_up = true
;client_id = some_id
;client_secret = some_secret
;scopes = api
;auth_url = https://gitlab.com/oauth/authorize
;token_url = https://gitlab.com/oauth/token
;api_url = https://gitlab.com/api/v4
;allowed_domains =
;allowed_groups =
[auth.google]
;enabled = false
;allow_sign_up = true
;client_id = some_client_id
;client_secret = some_client_secret
;scopes = https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.profile https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.email
;auth_url = https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth
;token_url = https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token
;api_url = https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v1/userinfo
;allowed_domains =
;hosted_domain =
[auth.grafana_com]
;enabled = false
;allow_sign_up = true
;client_id = some_id
;client_secret = some_secret
;scopes = user:email
;allowed_organizations =
[auth.generic_oauth]
;enabled = false
;name = OAuth
;allow_sign_up = true
;client_id = some_id
;client_secret = some_secret
;scopes = user:email,read:org
;email_attribute_name = email:primary
;email_attribute_path =
;auth_url = https://foo.bar/login/oauth/authorize
;token_url = https://foo.bar/login/oauth/access_token
;api_url = https://foo.bar/user
;allowed_domains =
;team_ids =
;allowed_organizations =
;role_attribute_path =
;tls_skip_verify_insecure = false
;tls_client_cert =
;tls_client_key =
;tls_client_ca =
[auth.saml] # Enterprise only
;enabled = false
;certificate =
;certificate_path =
;private_key =
;# Path to the private key. Used to decrypt assertions from the IdP
;private_key_path =
;idp_metadata =
;idp_metadata_path =
;idp_metadata_url =
;max_issue_delay = 90s
;metadata_valid_duration = 48h
;assertion_attribute_name = displayName
;assertion_attribute_login = mail
;assertion_attribute_email = mail
[auth.basic]
;enabled = true
[auth.proxy]
;enabled = false
;header_name = X-WEBAUTH-USER
;header_property = username
;auto_sign_up = true
;sync_ttl = 60
;whitelist = 192.168.1.1, 192.168.2.1
;headers = Email:X-User-Email, Name:X-User-Name
;enable_login_token = false
[auth.ldap]
;enabled = false
;config_file = /etc/grafana/ldap.toml
;allow_sign_up = true
;sync_cron = "0 0 1 * * *"
;active_sync_enabled = true
[smtp]
;enabled = false
;host = localhost:25
;user =
;password =
;cert_file =
;key_file =
;skip_verify = false
;from_address = admin@grafana.localhost
;from_name = Grafana
;ehlo_identity = dashboard.example.com
[emails]
;welcome_email_on_sign_up = false
;templates_pattern = emails/*.html
[log]
;mode = console file
;level = info
;filters =
[log.console]
;level =
;format = console
[log.file]
;level =
;format = text
;log_rotate = true
;max_lines = 1000000
;max_size_shift = 28
;daily_rotate = true
;max_days = 7
[log.syslog]
;level =
;format = text
;network =
;address =
;facility =
;tag =
[quota]
; enabled = false
; org_user = 10
; org_dashboard = 100
; org_data_source = 10
; org_api_key = 10
; user_org = 10
; global_user = -1
; global_org = -1
; global_dashboard = -1
; global_api_key = -1
; global_session = -1
[alerting]
;enabled = true
;execute_alerts = true
;error_or_timeout = alerting
;nodata_or_nullvalues = no_data
;concurrent_render_limit = 5
;evaluation_timeout_seconds = 30
;notification_timeout_seconds = 30
;max_attempts = 3
;min_interval_seconds = 1
[explore]
;enabled = true
[metrics]
;enabled           = true
;interval_seconds  = 10
;disable_total_stats = false
; basic_auth_username =
; basic_auth_password =
[metrics.graphite]
;address =
;prefix = prod.grafana.%(instance_name)s.
[grafana_com]
;url = https://grafana.com
[tracing.jaeger]
;address = localhost:6831
;always_included_tag = tag1:value1
;sampler_type = const
;sampler_param = 1
;zipkin_propagation = false
;disable_shared_zipkin_spans = false
[external_image_storage]
;provider =
[external_image_storage.s3]
;endpoint =
;path_style_access =
;bucket =
;region =
;path =
;access_key =
;secret_key =
[external_image_storage.webdav]
;url =
;public_url =
;username =
;password =
[external_image_storage.gcs]
;key_file =
;bucket =
;path =
[external_image_storage.azure_blob]
;account_name =
;account_key =
;container_name =
[external_image_storage.local]
[rendering]
;server_url =
;callback_url =
[panels]
;disable_sanitize_html = false
[plugins]
;enable_alpha = false
;app_tls_skip_verify_insecure = false
[enterprise]
;license_path =
[feature_toggles]
;enable =
xadocker
版权声明:本站原创文章,由 xadocker 2022-09-27发表,共计22979字。
转载说明:除特殊说明外本站文章皆由CC-4.0协议发布,转载请注明出处。
评论(2条评论)
验证码
载入中...
落霞 评论达人 LV.1
2022-10-02 14:29:11 回复

一个人的运维表示嘿嘿哎~

WindowsWindowsChromeChrome102.0.0.0
0.290