apiserver开放外网访问

1,008次阅读
没有评论

共计 2947 个字符,预计需要花费 8 分钟才能阅读完成。

apiserver开放外网访问

背景

一般我们创建k8s集群后,调用apiserver都是集群vpc内进行访问,如果是是外部网络访问,比如给master配个弹性EIP,博主本地用lens访问这个EIP会报错:

apiserver开放外网访问
E0208 19:11:28.274130 4112 proxy_server.go:147] Error while proxying request: x509: certificate is valid for 10.96.0.1, 172.16.0.150, 172.16.0.149, not 8.134.72.67

kubernetes服务端认证的流程:

client访问apiserver时,apiserver需要校验服务器证书,查看apiserver的证书中认可的ip和域名,与客户端访问apiserver时所采用的ip或域名相比较,判断是否包含。包含则放行,否则报上述错误。

apiserver证书增加访问域名

查看apiserver证书包含的ip和域名

[root@master-0 pki]# openssl x509 -noout -text -in apiserver.crt | grep -C 2  DNS

            X509v3 Subject Alternative Name:
                DNS:kubernetes, DNS:kubernetes.default, DNS:kubernetes.default.svc, DNS:kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local, DNS:master-0, IP Address:10.96.0.1, IP Address:172.16.0.149
    Signature Algorithm: sha256WithRSAEncryption
         71:5c:91:6c:16:c6:c3:87:43:43:31:b5:b8:2b:cb:3e:7a:dc:

从上面可以看到证书的认可的访问域名和地址,如果要增加域名或ip则需要更新证书

备份证书

[root@master-0 ~]# mkdir -p /etc/kubernetes/pki/backup
[root@master-0 ~]# mv /etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.{crt,key} /etc/kubernetes/pki/backup/

[root@master-0 ~]# cd /etc/kubernetes/pki/
[root@master-0 pki]# kubectl -n kube-system get configmap kubeadm-config -o jsonpath='{.data.ClusterConfiguration}' > kubeadm.yaml

查看此时的kubeadm.yaml

[root@master-0 ~]# cat kubeadm.yaml
apiServer:
  extraArgs:
    authorization-mode: Node,RBAC
  timeoutForControlPlane: 4m0s
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta3
certificatesDir: /etc/kubernetes/pki
clusterName: kubernetes
controlPlaneEndpoint: 172.16.0.149:6443
controllerManager: {}
dns: {}
etcd:
  local:
    dataDir: /var/lib/etcd_pod
imageRepository: k8s.gcr.io
kind: ClusterConfiguration
kubernetesVersion: v1.22.1
networking:
  dnsDomain: cluster.local
  podSubnet: 10.244.0.0/16
  serviceSubnet: 10.96.0.0/12
scheduler: {}

增加外网域名或ip地址

[root@master-0 pki]# cat kubeadm.yaml
apiServer:
  extraArgs:
    authorization-mode: Node,RBAC
  certSANs:
  - "k8s.xadocker.cn"
  timeoutForControlPlane: 4m0s
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta3
certificatesDir: /etc/kubernetes/pki
clusterName: kubernetes
controlPlaneEndpoint: 172.16.0.149:6443
controllerManager: {}
dns: {}
etcd:
  local:
    dataDir: /var/lib/etcd_pod
imageRepository: k8s.gcr.io
kind: ClusterConfiguration
kubernetesVersion: v1.22.1
networking:
  dnsDomain: cluster.local
  podSubnet: 10.244.0.0/16
  serviceSubnet: 10.96.0.0/12
scheduler: {}

更新证书

[root@master-0 pki]# kubeadm init phase certs apiserver --config kubeadm.yaml
[certs] Generating "apiserver" certificate and key
[certs] apiserver serving cert is signed for DNS names [k8s.xadocker.cn kubernetes kubernetes.default kubernetes.default.svc kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local master-0] and IPs [10.96.0.1 172.16.0.149]

重建apiserver pod

[root@master-0 pki]# kubectl delete pod kube-apiserver-master-0

查看此时apiserver的证书

[root@master-0 pki]# openssl x509 -noout -text -in apiserver.crt | grep -C 2  DNS

            X509v3 Subject Alternative Name:
                DNS:k8s.xadocker.cn, DNS:kubernetes, DNS:kubernetes.default, DNS:kubernetes.default.svc, DNS:kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local, DNS:master-0, IP Address:10.96.0.1, IP Address:172.16.0.149
    Signature Algorithm: sha256WithRSAEncryption
         71:5c:91:6c:16:c6:c3:87:43:43:31:b5:b8:2b:cb:3e:7a:dc:

注意:如果是高可用master的集群,则每个master都要完成上述步骤(备份证书->。。。。->重建apiserver pod)

所有master操作完后即可通过增加的域名来访问apiserver

apiserver开放外网访问

正文完
 
xadocker
版权声明:本站原创文章,由 xadocker 2022-09-13发表,共计2947字。
转载说明:除特殊说明外本站文章皆由CC-4.0协议发布,转载请注明出处。
评论(没有评论)