Openresty中ngx的时间方法

675次阅读
没有评论

共计 3581 个字符,预计需要花费 9 分钟才能阅读完成。

Openresty中ngx的时间方法

此处记录下openresty中可用的时间方法

ngx时间方法

ngx有以下几个时间方法

  • ngx.today():从 nginx 缓存里获取 yyyy-mm-dd 格式的时间,没有额外的系统调用
  • ngx.time():从 nginx 缓存里获取时间戳
  • ngx.now():从 nginx 缓存里获取时间戳,小数位为毫秒,格式为 1533134658.555
  • ngx.update_time():要 nginx 更新缓存时间,会造成系统调用
  • ngx.localtime():从 nginx 缓存里获取本地时间格式为 yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss
  • ngx.cookie_time():从 nginx 缓存里获取 UTC 时间格式为 yyyy-mm-dd hh:mm:ss
  • ngx.http_time():转化时间戳为 cookie 的时间格式
  • ngx.parse_http_time():转化时间戳为 http头使用的时间格式,比如 Last-Modified

一个获取时间样例

    location = /getTime {
        content_by_lua_block {
            ngx.say(ngx.today())
            ngx.say(ngx.time())
            ngx.say(ngx.now())
            ngx.say(ngx.localtime())
            ngx.say(ngx.utctime())
            ngx.say(ngx.cookie_time(ngx.time()))
            ngx.say(ngx.http_time(ngx.time()))
            ngx.say(ngx.parse_http_time("Thu, 18 Nov 2019 11:27:35 GMT"))
        }
    }

输出如下

[root@nginx-cluster conf.d]# curl 127.0.0.1:8084/getTime
2021-06-09
1623233087
1623233087.354
2021-06-09 18:04:47
2021-06-09 10:04:47
Wed, 09-Jun-21 10:04:47 GMT
Wed, 09 Jun 2021 10:04:47 GMT
1290079655

接口时段控制

放行工作日内调用接口

时段控制module

博主已将基本逻辑提取为module:comm.time_acl

[root@nginx-cluster lua]# pwd
/usr/local/openresty/nginx/lua
[root@nginx-cluster lua]# cat comm/
param.lua     time_acl.lua
[root@nginx-cluster lua]# cat comm/time_acl.lua
local _M = {}
function _M.access_week(acl,week)
    local week_tbl = {
        Mon = 1,
        Tus = 2,
        Wen = 3,
        Thu = 4,
        Fri = 5,
        Sta = 6,
        Sun = 7
    }
    for _,v in ipairs(acl) do
        if week_tbl[week] == v  then
            return true
        end
    end
    return false
end

return _M

access阶段处理lua文件

[root@nginx-cluster lua]# pwd
/usr/local/openresty/nginx/lua
[root@nginx-cluster lua]# cat time_acl_check.lua
local time_acl= require("comm.time_acl")
--- 在table中存储星期策略,周一为{1},周一到周三{1,2,3}
local week_acl = {1,3,5,7}

--- 获取上海时间字符串格式:Wed, 09 Jun 2021 10:04:47 GMT
local time_str = ngx.http_time(ngx.time()+28800)
local week,day,month,year,hour,min,sec=string.match(time_str,"(%w+), (%d+) (%w+) (%d+) (%d+):(%d+):(%d+)")

if not(time_acl.access_week(week_acl, week)) then
    ngx.log(ngx.INFO, "time_str: ", time_str, " deny by week_acl")
    return ngx.exit(403)
end

location部分

    location ~ ^/api/admin {
        access_by_lua_file  lua/time_acl_check.lua;
        content_by_lua_block {
            ngx.say("Allow Operating")
        }
    }

测试验证

测试正常时段输出
[root@nginx-cluster lua]# curl '127.0.0.1:8084/api/admin'
Allow operating
测试禁止时段

今日周三,将acl table中3去除验证,读者自行处理

[root@nginx-cluster conf.d]# curl 127.0.0.1:8084/api/admin -I
HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden
Server: openresty/1.17.8.2
Date: Wen, 09 Jul 2021 08:37:36 GMT
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 159
Connection: keep-alive

# 查看日志
[root@nginx-cluster lua]# tail ../logs/error.log -f
2021/06/09 08:37:36 [info] 11038#0: *1 [lua] time_acl_check.lua:7: time_str: Sun, 09 Jul 2021 16:37:36 GMT, client: 127.0.0.1, server: , request: "GET /api/admin HTTP/1.1", host: "127.0.0.1:8084"

接口增加小时hour限制

此时模块内容

[root@nginx-cluster lua]# cat comm/time_acl.lua
local _M = {}
function _M.access_week(acl,week)
    local week_tbl = {
        Mon = 1,
        Tus = 2,
        Wen = 3,
        Thu = 4,
        Fri = 5,
        Sta = 6,
        Sun = 7
    }
    for _,v in ipairs(acl) do
        if week_tbl[week] == v  then
            return true
        end
    end
    return false
end

function _M.access_hour(acl, hour)
    local hour_tbl = {1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24}
    hour = 0 == hour and 24 or hour
    for _,v in ipairs(acl) do
        local ret = 0 == v and 24 or v
        if hour_tbl[hour] == ret then
            return true
        end
    end
    return false
end
return _M

access阶段处理lua文件

[root@nginx-cluster lua]# cat time_acl_check.lua
local time_acl= require("comm.time_acl")

--- 在table中存储星期策略,周一为{1},周一到周三{1,2,3}
local week_acl = {1,3,5,7}


--- 在table中存储小时策略,0点为{0},0点到5点{0,1,2,3,4,5}
local hour_acl = {9,10,11,14,15,16,17,18,19,20}


--- 获取上海时间字符串格式:Wed, 09 Jun 2021 10:04:47 GMT
local time_str = ngx.http_time(ngx.time()+28800)
local week,day,month,year,hour,min,sec=string.match(time_str,"(%w+), (%d+) (%w+) (%d+) (%d+):(%d+):(%d+)")

if not(time_acl.access_week(week_acl, week)) then
    ngx.log(ngx.INFO, "time_str: ", time_str, " deny by week_acl")
    return ngx.exit(403)
end

if not(time_acl.access_hour(hour_acl, tonumber(hour))) then
    ngx.log(ngx.INFO, "time_str: ", time_str, " deny by hour_acl")
    return ngx.exit(403)
end

正文完
 
xadocker
版权声明:本站原创文章,由 xadocker 2021-06-09发表,共计3581字。
转载说明:除特殊说明外本站文章皆由CC-4.0协议发布,转载请注明出处。
评论(没有评论)